Treatment Options for Sleep Disorders
Sleep disorders vary in terms of severity, objective and subjective impact to health and subsequent effect on well being.
Our sleep physicians ensure that every patient is treated according to their diagnosis and individual circumstances for positive health outcomes. There are many treatment options available for sleep disorders, each one is recommended dependent on the individual.
CPAP – Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
There are numerous treatment options available for snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), each one is recommended dependant on the individual. The “gold standard” in the treatment of OSA is CPAP therapy.
CPAP works by delivering a continuous flow of air into the airway, via a mask, to “splint” the airway open and restore normal breathing. The flow of air is generated by a pump called a CPAP machine, which is set to deliver a pressure of air that is specific to your condition. This set pressure is determined during your CPAP titration sleep study.
Mandibular Advancement Splints (MAS)
A mandibular advancement splint (or sometimes referred to as an oral device) is used to treat snoring and OSA.
A MAS is essentially a “mouth guard” which is worn while asleep. The fitting on the top teeth is connected to the fitting on the bottom teeth. The bottom fitting of the device is aligned slightly forward, resulting in the airway opening more than at resting point. This can help avoid airway collapse during sleep and dampen OSA and snoring.
MAS are usually considered for patients who have a lesser severity of OSA or simply snoring, however some studies have shown a MAS can be effective for treating a range of severities of OSA. Some considerations need to be made before choosing to treat OSA with a MAS, these should be discussed with your Sleep Physician.
Provent is another treatment alternative for OSA. Provent is an adhesive device that you stick over each nostril when going to sleep.
The provent stickers use a valve design, where all of the valves open when breathing in – then some of the valves close when breathing out. When the valves close, there is a redirection of air which creates a positive pressure in the airway and “splints” the airway open.
Conservative measures in the treatment of OSA include weight loss, positional therapy, reducing alcohol intake, cessation of smoking and improving sleep hygiene.